Tinnitus accounts for billions of dollars in Veterans Administration disability claims each year.
In 2014 it was the number one cause for such disability claims according to the VA annual benefits report of 2013.
Because nobody dies from tinnitus it has received little attention until now.
Functional magnetic resonance imaging testing has allowed researchers to evaluate new regions of the brain that may become active when stimulated with tinnitus.
These areas include the amygdala, the reticular formation, and the hippocampus.
Targeted therapy according to Dr. Salvi appears promising. Drugs need to be selected very carefully for the multiple etiologies that have been implicated in tinnitus. With new research modalities the future appears promising.